Nettle tea is made from herbaceous plants called nettle (Urtica dioica). The Family is Urticaceae nettle. It is a plant that grows in many parts of the world, in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa. Nettle was neglected for some time, but fortunately it started being more and more applied for various purposes. Since ancient times nettle is used as medicine and food, and its healing properties are irreplaceable even today.
Healing properties – of nettle tea
The proven healing properties of nettle are:
- Extremely good for urinary tract infections.
- It is used for bladder inflammation.
- For prevention of kidney stones.
- It purifies the blood (especially useful for skin diseases).
- Since it is rich in iron, it is extremely good for anemia, creation of red blood cells.
- It stimulates cell regeneration (very useful for restoration of worn cartilage).
- For rheumatism.
- It prevents hair loss.
- It regulates digestion.
- It helps with dropsy.
- For better sleep.
- It has a calming effect, that is it calms nervous tension.
- For ulcers on the stomach and intestines.
- Extremely good for lung disease (honey is commonly added).
- Recommended for inflamed gums.
- It helps in lowering blood sugar.
- It is used for liver disease.
- It stops bleeding (used for blood in urine, excessive menstrual bleeding).
- Used for tumors of the spleen.
- It helps with viral and bacterial infections.
- It helps with allergies.
- It strengthens the immune system.
Nettle tea has a lot of healing properties, but the most important is to know how to prepare it.
Preparation – of nettle tea
A classic way of preparing nettle tea
- Boil 0.2 liters of water.
- Put one tea bag. If the tea is not in tea bags than put one tea spoon of the plant.
- Pour the water over it.
- Cover and leave the tea for 15-20 minutes.
- Strain it.
- You can start drinking this extremely healing beverage.
Nettle tea for stomach and liver (preparation is made from the whole nettle plant) is prepared as follows:
- In 2 liters of water put 3 tablespoons of chopped nettle and leave it for 11-12 hours,
- Cook the mixture for half an hour in a covered bowl,
- Leave to cool,
- Strain it,
- Drink 1 cup of tea three times a day before meal.
Nettle tea for inflammation of the kidneys and bladder, rheumatism, high blood sugar, difficulties with urinating, bile and liver problems, insomnia, anemia, poor circulation, ulcers is prepared as follows:
- Boil 6 dl of water,
- Pour boiled water over 2 – 3 tablespoons of dried chopped leaves,
- Cover and wait for 5 – 10 min,
- Strain it,
- Tea is ready for use (during the day drink 3 cups of freshly prepared tea).
If you have a problem with hair loss here is the recipe for a solution to your problem:
- In a pot with 5 liters of water put two handfuls of nettle and boil it all together,
- Then leave it for about 15 minutes,
- Strain it,
- Cool it,
- Massage this tea in your head and then wash.
Tea for stomach and intestinal ulcers and renal illnesses is prepared as follows:
- Put the mixture in 1 liter of red wine (mixture consists of 10 tablespoons of leaves and roots of nettle, 2 tablespoons of plantain and 1 tablespoon of both wormwood and crushed spruce beans),
- Leave it for 12 hours,
- Add 3-4 tablespoons of honey,
- Cook for about 30 minutes,
- Take this beverage while it is tepid – 1 teaspoon before meals.
Nettle tea that helps with rheumatism is prepared as follows:
- Put the mixture in half a liter of water and boil for 15 minutes (mixture consists of 20 g of nettle and birch leaves)
- After 15 minutes add 20 g of each: poplar buds and elder and linden flowers,
- Cook until it boils,
- Cover and leave it for about 8 hours,
- Take this drink instead of water during the day.
Nettle tea for stones in the urinary organs is prepared as follows:
- Put the mixture in 1 liter of water and boil it for 10 min (mixture consists of 10 g of nettle, horsetail and leaves of yarrow (botanical name Achillea),
- Cover and leave it for 4 hours,
- Strain it,
- Take this drink instead of water during the day.
Today it is very popular to make nettle juice. Some think that this way nettle is most healing, and some say that nettle is not healing with additives. The truth is that this drink is extremely healing, because it is not juice as usual but simply nettle in water, and additives are only used for better taste. Be sure to try!
It is prepared as follows:
- First prepare all the ingredients (30 young nettle tops, 2 lemons, 3 oranges, citric acid not necessarily, about 80 dekagrams of sweetener)
- Wash the nettle and other citrus fruits (cut citrus fruits into slices)
- Put everything in the water,
- Leave it all 24 hours,
- Mash the nettle and citrus fruits,
- Nettle juice is ready to drink. If you do not want to immediately drink the juice then heat it to boiling.
Additives to the prepared – nettle tea
You can sweeten this as you wish, you can add one tea spoon of honey and honey is recommended if you drink tea because of lung disease.However it is best not to spoil tea (taste and healing properties of tea) with additives.
Packaging – of nettle tea
Nettle tea can be found in: filter bags, packaging with leaves, with leaves and stem, and with the tops of nettle.
Preservation – of nettle tea
It is recommended to keep nettle tea in a dry place in a tightly closed container.
Breeding and picking – of nettle tea
Nettle is a herbaceous plant that is very widespread throughout the country. Nettle likes moist and nutritious soil. It grows on the plains and high mountains. The most commonly it grows in neglected areas, alongside roads, around the villages, near fences, in the woods, swamps, abandoned fields and orchards and other similar places. It is a plant that is also specific because it most often grows in large crowds in one place.Nettle can grow over 100 cm in height. Its leaves are oblong (3-15 cm), egg-shaped, with jagged edges, green and grow opposite one another. The leaves are covered with soft short hairs on both sides. Its stalk is square. Both leaves and stem are also covered with brittle and longer hairs that are full of acids (formic acid and histamine) that stings, burns and causes irritation.
It is picked in the spring and in the fall of subsequent outgrowths and it blooms from May to September. As soon as it grows to about 20 cm it should be cut down because the young leaves are of the best quality.
Processing and classification – of nettle tea
Processing starts the moment after mowing. It is desirable to leave mowed nettles for 1 day to the dawn. After that they should be left on a dry, cool and airy place (attic is also suitable) to dry. Before the leaves are completely dry they should be removed from the stem. The leaves can be dried throughout the summer and 5 kg of leaves give approximately 1 kg of dry leaves.The classification of nettles includes a variety of other species such as small nettle, Roman nettle, white nettle and hemp nettle.
Small nettle (Urtica urens) also known as dwarf nettle or annual nettle. It is also very widespread in Europe. It grows up to 60 cm and the leaves are smaller and petiole is shorter than the leaf as opposed to the large nettle on which it is equally long. Small nettle has no other major differences with large nettle, meaning they are very similar in structure and other properties.
Roman nettle (Urtica pilulifera). It is also an annual herbaceous plant but it differs by habitat. It grows in the warmer coastal areas.
White nettle Learn more about white nettle in a separate category!
Hemp nettle Learn more about hemp nettle in a separate category!
Origin and history – of nettle tea
Nettle is a plant whose origin goes back far into the past. The first time it was found as a fabric that was made by people from the Bronze Age. Nettle was also mostly used throughout history during the poverty and deprivation and was prepared like spinach or as a soup. For example, the Romans used it as food and medicine, and it is believed that the Romans had a major role in spreading awareness about healing properties of nettle. The Greeks in turn found its very strong effect against rheumatic pains. Nettle was even considered a divinity; ancient Germanic peoples considered it a symbol of the god of lightning. Many famous writers such as Hippocrates, Horace and Pliny wrote about it. In England there is a nettle eating competition called Stinging Nettle Eating Championship. Even today nettles are still used, but more because of its healing effects.
Composition of nettle
Nettle contains a great deal of vitamins and minerals. Nettle contains vitamin C, vitamin K, carotene (vitamin A), B – complex, and when it comes to minerals nettle contains a great deal of: potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium and sodium.
Out of vitamins, the most important one is vitamin C (a young nettle leaf contains the most vitamin C, 80-150 mg of it). Along with silicic acid it is credited for using nettle in weight loss, since they enhance fat burning. Vitamin C is very well known for problems caused when people do not take enough of it, such as scurvy and bleeding gums. It is little known that vitamin C boosts the immune system and that is famous for cancer, since it prevents the formation of nitrosamines, cancer-causing substances.
Another important vitamin in the nettle plant is carotene (the nettle plant contains about 30 mg of it). Carotene is also called provitamin A or β-carotene. It is also called provitamin because the human body can convert into vitamin A. Vitamin A has many important functions, and among the most important ones are that: it stimulates maturation of young cells of the skin (skin renewal), it acts as a protection against free radicals, etc.
Also the nettle plant contains vitamin K. It is known for having an important role in blood coagulation; vitamin K deficiency leads to an inability of blood coagulation.
Last vitamin that is found in the nettle is vitamin B – complex. Vitamin B – complex are several groups of related substances. They are known for being involved in the release of energy from food (carbohydrates, fats, proteins), and a lack of vitamin B – complex negatively affects health.
The nettle plant contains a lot of potassium. This mineral is very well known for being needed for muscle functioning.
There is also a lot of calcium in the nettle. It preserves strong teeth and bones.
One of the most important minerals in nettle is iron. This mineral is certainly important for each of us. The body uses it to produce hemoglobin. It is found in the blood (red blood cells) and attaches oxygen to itself which is carried by blood to all organs in the body. Iron deficiency leads to anemia.
Another mineral that is found in nettle is phosphorus. It is necessary for our organism. It is a mineral needed for growth, maintaining a balance of other minerals and vitamins and a variety of other very important functions.
Another also extremely important mineral in nettle is magnesium. It is required for various processes of the body e.g. for degradation of fats. The lack of this mineral leads to painful cramps especially in leg calves.
And the last significant mineral in nettle composition is sodium. It is an integral part of salts. It assists in various life functions, for example it is required for the production of digestive enzymes, helps in retaining water in the body. The lack of this mineral leads to increased heart rate, thirst, fall in blood pressure and painful muscle cramps.
This tea is not intended for heart patients and people with severely damaged kidneys. Also it affects the increased secretion of urine, and is strongly recommended to be careful about potassium loss when frequently used and to take food rich in this mineral.